Training > Designing for Vulnerable Road Users

Designing for Vulnerable Road Users Course

This two-day course provides lectures and workshops intended to transfer to each participant the necessary knowledge and skills to be able to diagnose safety issues associated with vulnerable road users (VRU) and the selection of appropriate countermeasures to address those issues. Vulnerable road users are susceptible to traffic injuries and fatalities, perhaps more so than drivers. Yet we design highways for the mobility of motor vehicles sometimes neglecting the needs of the most vulnerable, such as pedestrians, bicyclists, motorcyclists, transit users and others. This course will teach participants how to diagnose pedestrian (and other VRU) safety deficiencies and select the appropriate countermeasures to make conditions safer for all users including an overview of the American with Disabilities Act (ADA) accessibility requirements. Engineering countermeasures will be emphasized but education and enforcement countermeasures will also be covered. A workbook is provided to guide participants through the course.


  • Define vulnerable road users and their needs
  • Diagnose crash causes and select proper countermeasures
  • Identify safety-related geometric design elements
  • Discuss VRU safety issues and how to address them
  • Understand the Public-Right-of-Way Accessibility Guidelines (PROWAG) of the American with Disabilities Act


  • Registrations, Welcome and Introductions
  • Introduction to VRU safety
  • Vulnerable Road Users
  • VRU Countermeasures (including ADA)
  • Roundabouts
  • Development of a VRU Safety Action Plan
  • Final Discussion, Certificates & Evaluations


Juan M. Morales, P.E., is the President of J.M. Morales & Associates. During his 30-plus year career, Mr. Morales has developed and presented several courses on transportation engineering, planning and safety issues worldwide. Prior to starting his transportation engineering consulting firm in 1995, Mr. Morales served as director of technical programs for the Institute of Transportation Engineers, including directing ITE’s Educational Foundation. Prior to joining ITE, Mr. Morales worked as a traffic and research engineer for the Federal Highway Administration in McLean, VA, where he was actively involved in traffic control, highway safety, congestion management, and simulation. Mr. Morales holds an M.S.C.E. degree from the Georgia Tech. He is a registered professional engineer in the Commonwealth of Virginia and ITE fellow member. Mr. Morales is a certified instructor for the National Highway Institute (NHI) and the American Traffic Safety Services Association (ATSSA), and serves as highway safety consultant for the World Bank.

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